Nalanda University is one of the first and oldest universities in the world which is declared World Heritage site by UNESCO in July 2017. Nalanda University is located about 89 km from Bihar state capital city Patna in India. Nalanda was an ancient Indian university and one of the famous universities in the world also listed in first Indian residential university.
Fact About Nalanda University Ruins
Address: Nalanda University Ruins, Bada Gaon village, Nalanda, Bihar
Location: 89 km from Patna
Built In: 5th Century BC
Signification: Declared World Heritage site by UNESCO in July 2017
Main Attraction: Temples ans Classrooms
Famous As: Nalanda University
How to reach By Air: The nearest airport is at Patna 89 km.
How to reach By Rail: Pawapuri Road Railway Station which is 9 km away from Nalanda University Ruins.
How to reach By Bus or Road: There are no taxis available in Nalanda. Cycle rickshaws and tongas are the only modes of transport.
Nalanda University is exactly locate in village called the Bada Gaon which is situated at the Southeast of Patna. Nalanda University was established during the Gupta Dynasty. A UNESCO world World Heritage site Nalanda University founded in the 5th Century BC also visited by the Buddha during his lifetime. University of Nalanda ruins are spread in an area of 14 hectares which show that the campus of the university was widespread. Other than the study of Buddhism in the university of Nalanda learned the Vedas, Philosophy, life sciences, medicine, and natural law. University had also 10 temples and many classrooms with meditation centers and a big library. In the 7th century AD it was visited by the Chinese scholar Xuanzang at that time University held some 10,000 students and nearly one thousand faculty members coming from Sri Lanka, Tibet, Java, Sumatra, and Surinam.
Entry Fee and Timing for Nalanda University Ruins
Open Days: Open All Days
Visit Duration: 1 to 2 hours
Timing: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Best time to visit: October to March
Entry Fee For Indians: Rs. 5/- per person
Entry Fee For Foreigners: Rs. 10/- per person
The University of Nalanda, established during Gupta Period, was a center of international repute and a residential university more than ten thousand students. Nalanda is a part of the Buddhist circuit. An International Center for Buddhist Studies was established here in 1951. Library of the Nalanda University was divided into three buildings Ratnasagara, Ratnadadhi and Ratnaranjaka. It remained as a best university for a long time until Bakhtiyar Khilji destroyed it. Nalanda is known for its oldest university of human kind. It was a great center of learing during the ancient times.